“SEIZE THE DAY!”…or How To Move FSMO

So I’m in the middle of moving my classroom server into a virtual enviroment using Hyper-V. After I fired up my new Quad-Core server with 2008 64bit, I installed Hyper-V…AND THAT’S IT! My life lessons have taught me NOT to load ANY OTHER ROLL on a Hyper-V Machine….especially DHCP! I then loaded a new virtual machine (Server 2008 Enterprise) as my first server (I called it “services” as that’s it’s whole purpose). I then loaded DNS, I didn’t configure any zones just added the ADDS role and did a dcpromo (by the way..make sure you join the domain before you do the dcpromo) Since my DNS is AD integrated…BAM! the zone showed up. Replication took place (I had to turn my head so the servers wouldn’t be embarrassed! ;-p ) and then I was ready to transfer my FSMO roles. I found these step to be quite useful but I keep forgetting all of them hence this Memory Dump:

FSMO roles can be transferred using the Ntdsutil.exe command-line utility or by using an MMC snap-in tool. Depending on the FSMO role that you want to transfer, you can use one of the following three MMC snap-in tools:
Active Directory Schema snap-in
Active Directory Domains and Trusts snap-in
Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in
To transfer the FSMO role the administrator must be a member of the following group:
Schema Admins
Enterprise Admins
Domain Admins

Transferring the RID Master, PDC Emulator, and Infrastructure Masters via GUI
Open the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in from the Administrative Tools folder. If you are NOT logged onto the target domain controller, in the snap-in, right-click the icon next to Active Directory Users and Computers and press Connect to Domain Controller.
Select the domain controller that will be the new role holder, the target, and press OK.
Right-click the Active Directory Users and Computers icon again and press Operation Masters.
Select the appropriate tab for the role you wish to transfer and press the Change button.
Press OK to confirm the change.

Transferring the Domain Naming Master via GUI
Open the Active Directory Domains and Trusts snap-in from the Administrative Tools folder. If you are NOT logged onto the target domain controller, in the snap-in, right-click the icon next to Active Directory Domains and Trusts and press Connect to Domain Controller.
Select the domain controller that will be the new role holder and press OK.
Right-click the Active Directory Domains and Trusts icon again and press Operation Masters.
Press the Change button.
Press OK to confirm the change.

Transferring the Schema Master via GUI
Register the Schmmgmt.dll library by pressing Start > RUN and type: regsvr32 schmmgmt.dll
Press OK. You should receive a success confirmation.
From the Run command open an MMC Console by typing MMC.
On the Console menu, press Add/Remove Snap-in.
Press Add. Select Active Directory Schema.
Press Add and press Close. Press OK.
If you are NOT logged onto the target domain controller, in the snap-in, right-click the Active Directory Schema icon in the Console Root and press Change Domain Controller.
Press Specify .... and type the name of the new role holder. Press OK.
Right-click the Active Directory Schema icon again and press Operation Masters.
Press the Change button.

Transferring the FSMO Roles via Ntdsutil
Caution: Using the Ntdsutil utility incorrectly may result in partial or complete loss of Active Directory functionality.
On any domain controller, click Start, click Run, type Ntdsutil in the Open box, and then click OK.
Type roles, and then press ENTER.
Note: To see a list of available commands at any of the prompts in the Ntdsutil tool, type ?, and then press ENTER.
Type connections, and then press ENTER.
Type connect to server , where is the name of the server you want to use, and then press ENTER.
At the server connections: prompt, type q, and then press ENTER again.
Type transfer . where is the role you want to transfer. Options are:
Transfer domain naming master
Transfer infrastructure master
Transfer PDC
Transfer RID master
Transfer schema master
You will receive a warning window asking if you want to perform the transfer. Click on Yes.
After you transfer the roles, type q and press ENTER until you quit Ntdsutil.exe.
Restart the server and make sure you update your backup.

Until next time…

-Dale